SQL Injection Tutorial


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    SQL Injection Tutorial

    Post by Ro'kenrontyes on Tue Oct 22, 2013 8:02 pm

    1.1 What is SQL Injection?It is a trick to inject SQL query/command as an input possibly via web pages. Many web pages take parameters from web user, and make SQL query to the database. Take for instance when a user login, web page that user name and password and make SQL query to the database to check if a user has valid name and password. With SQL Injection, it is possible for us to send crafted user name and/or password field that will change the SQL query and thus grant us something else.

    1.2 What do you need?Any web browser.

    2.0 What you should look for?Try to look for pages that allow you to submit data, i.e: login page, search page, feedback, etc. Sometimes, HTML pages use POST command to send parameters to another ASP page. Therefore, you may not see the parameters in the URL. However, you can check the source code of the HTML, and look for "FORM" tag in the HTML code. You may find something like this in some HTML codes:
    <FORM action=Search/search.asp method=post><input type=hidden name=A value=C></FORM>
    Everything between the <FORM> and </FORM> have potential parameters that might be useful (exploit wise).

    2.1 What if you can't find any page that takes input?You should look for pages like ASP, JSP, CGI, or PHP web pages. Try to look especially for URL that takes parameters,
    3.0 How do you test if it is vulnerable? Start with a single quote trick. Input something like:
    hi' or 1=1--
    Into login, or password, or even in the URL. Example:
    Login: hi' or 1=1-- - Pass: hi' or 1=1-- - http://duck/index.asp?id=hi' or 1=1--
    If you must do this with a hidden field, just download the source HTML from the site, save it in your hard disk, modify the URL and hidden field accordingly. Example:
    <FORM action=http://duck/Search/search.asp method=post><input type=hidden name=A value="hi' or 1=1--"></FORM>
    If luck is on your side, you will get login without any login name or password.

    3.1 But why ' or 1=1--?Let us look at another example why ' or 1=1-- is important. Other than bypassing login, it is also possible to view extra information that is not normally available. Take an asp page that will link you to another page with the following URL:http://duck/index.asp?category=food In the URL, 'category' is the variable name, and 'food' is the value assigned to the variable. In order to do that, an ASP might contain the following code (OK, this is the actual code that was created for this exercise):
    v_cat = request("category")sqlstr="SELECT * FROM product WHERE PCategory='" & v_cat & "'"set rs=conn.execute(sqlstr)
    As we can see, our variable will be wrapped into v_cat and thus the SQL statement should become:
    SELECT * FROM product WHERE PCategory='food'
    The query should return a result set containing one or more rows that match the WHERE condition, in this case, 'food'.Now, assume that we change the URL into something like this:
    http://duck/index.asp?category=food' or 1=1--
    Now, our variable v_cat equals to 'food' or 1=1-- ", if we substitute this in the SQL query, we will have:
    SELECT * FROM product WHERE PCategory='food' or 1=1--'
    The query should now select everything from the product table regardless if Category is equal to 'food' or not. A double dash "--" tell MS SQL server ignore the rest of the query, which will get rid of the last hanging single quote ('). Sometimes, it may be possible to replace double dash with single hash "#".However, if it is not an SQL server, or you simply cannot ignore the rest of the query, you also may try' or 'a'='aThe SQL query will now become:
    SELECT * FROM product WHERE PCategory='food' or 'a'='a'
    It should return the same result

    Tutorial Will Continue

      Current date/time is Tue Dec 18, 2018 8:34 pm